Plastic pollution is one of the worst things we are facing in our day-to-day life. It pollutes our environment in different ways like land, air, and water. Plastic has become one of the major parts in human lives all around the world. From food to electronic gadgets, everything we use in our day to day life has at least one plastic related items. Software sector also using plastics at their fingertips. It is less expensive and long-lasting, so all the products contain plastics today. The accumulation of plastic wastes causes a huge risk to plants, animals, and human life. Today we are going to see some of the effects of plastic pollution and its facts.
Facts about plastic pollution:
- Alexander Parkes discovered plastic in 1852.
- A research found that nearly 8.3 billion metric tonnes of plastics have been produced all over the world which is equal to the weight of billion elephants.
- The volume of plastic that is thrown away every year is four times more than the circle of the earth.
- Around 91% of plastic wastes aren’t recycled in the world today. from that 91% of plastic wastes, 12 % have been burned by fire and the remaining 79% of wastes are fill in land and water areas.
- Annually 12.7 million tonnes of plastic reaches the ocean.
- Each year in America 100 billion plastic bags are used by people and also they are using 500 million plastic materials every day.
- Most importantly it kills Millions of seabirds every year because of plastics present in our oceans.
- Plastics get stuck on the oceans which kill 1,00,000 marine mammals annually.
- Each year American has thrown away 200 pounds of plastic wastes in our environment.
- A survey says that half trillion plastic bottles will be produced by 2021.
- Plastics in the oceans are more than the stars in a milky way.
- The research found that more than 700 marine species are affected in oceans because of plastic debris.
- 87% of birds in Canada are dying every year.
- Riverside people in China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, They are also hit by a lot of pollution diseases.
Some statistics on plastic pollution:
- Most polluted island in the world is Henderson island in South Pacific.
- Approximately 46% of plastics floating in the ocean areas and it will take 500-1000 years to degrade.
- 85% of plastic particles are microscopic. People eat 70,000 microplastics each year.
- In U.K beaches you can see around 150 plastic bottles in each mile.
- The volume of 5.25 trillion micro and macro plastics floating in the rivers, which is 2,69,000 tonnes of weight.
- 320 million tons of plastics produced in 2016 which will be doubled by the end of 2034.
- In a year beverage companies produce nearly 500 billion plastic bottles.
- Last year the famous coffee company, Starbucks produced 4 billion coffee cups.
- Every year Pepsi Co company selling 10 billion plastic bags of chips.
- Plastic bottles require 72 billion gallons of water for one year and 24 million gallons of oil is needed to make one billion plastics.
- In America four in five grocery shops using plastics for packaging.
- A single plastic cup needs 50 to 80 years to decompose and a jug takes one million years to decompose.
- Supermarkets are not allowed to use a single plastic bag in countries like South Africa, U.K, Germany, Canada, Mexico and many more.
Effects on plastic pollution:
- Plastics upsets the regular routine food of animals in the world, even it affect the world’s little organism such as plankton and a lot of larger animals depends on this organism only for food.
- Water pollution occurs by plastics floating on the ocean and also affects the groundwater supply.
- Land pollution occurs by plastics stuck in road areas like traffic lights, trees, garbage, electric post etc…
- While burning the plastics, it will create air pollution. When you inhale that air it will damage your respiratory system.
- In the rainy season, water flowing on the roads and rivers get block due to plastic waste. Once water struck on the road means it will become breeding ground for mosquitoes and other insects that may cause health problems to humans.
Types of plastics:
- PVC or polyvinyl chloride is one of the major plastics used in our environment. it is used for plumbing pipes, food packaging, medicines, children’s toy, tablecloths, and vinyl flooring.
- HDPE or high-density polyethylene, this type of plastics are used in milk bottles, juice bottles, shampoo bottles, detergent bottles etc.
- PET or polyethylene terephthalate is also known as safe plastic and it is mainly used in soda water bottles, sports drink bottles.
- PS or polystyrene, another name is styrofoam which is used in cups, plates, peanuts packing, and trays.
- LDPE or low-density polyethylene is used in the newspaper bags, dry cleaning bags, bread bags, and garbage bags.
Ways to reduce plastics in our day-to-day life:
- Start bringing jute carry bags to grocery shops.
- Government shall impose high tax on plastic materials.
- To create awareness among people about the harmful effects of plastics.
- Another one way is to recycle plastics which will gradually reduce the production of plastics.
Already half of the ocean’s species life is on high alert. If we don’t stop now the whole human life will face extinction. So to avoid this happen please stop using plastics in our day-to-day life and make a brighter future for your society.
We will constantly update more information about plastics and its harmful effects.
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