One of the most popular names you have come across at least once in your life-time is Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King is a famous Civil rights leader. He changed the life of millions of African-American people through his Civil rights movements. Martin Luther King was a Social Activist, Baptist minister, Led the African-American Civil rights movement and also he was a pastor in churches. He led the civil rights movement by protesting in non-violence manner. The great King was born in the year January 15, 1929, in Atlanta. He was born to parents Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Birth name of the king is Micheal King Jr but in the year 1934, his father visited a Baptist minister in Germany. King Micheal inspired a lot from the pastor Martin Luther King Sr. and later changes his son’s name to Martin Luther King.
Today we are going to see some of the interesting facts about most intelligent spokesperson, Martin Luther King Jr
Quote of Martin Luther King Jr: “Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.”
- Martin was the second child to his parents and he had one older sister and a younger brother. At the age of 5, he went to public school in Atlanta.
- In the year 1936, when he was 12 years old his grandmother died due to a heart attack. This news makes young martin more shocking and upsetting. Upset at this event, young Martin jumped from the second floor of his house to commit Suicide but thankfully he survived from that incident.
- After that, he went to high school at Booker T. Washington. He was good at studies. so, Martin has skipped 9th and 11th due to his exceptional knowledge in studies.
- In the year 1944, he entered college at the age 15 in Morehouse college. He was too brilliant in college days also.
- He was the topper of his class in 1951, so he was elected as Student body president and also got a fellowship in graduate study.
- Though King was good at studies, he didn’t obey his father’s advice. He likes to drink more beers and always playing in the pool at college.
- After the completion of his sociology degree. He also did a Bachelor of Divinity from Crozer Theological Seminary.
- In the year 1953, he went to work for his doctorate degree at Boston University in England, where King met a girl Coretta Scott.
- Both of them loved each other and married in 1953 June. King Martin Luther had four children, Yolanda, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott, and Bernice.
- At the age of 24, he became a pastor in Baptist Church of Montgomery, Alabama and then he finished his doctorate degree in 1955.
Quote of Martin Luther King Jr: “Faith is taking the first step even when you don’t see the whole staircase.”
Civil Rights Movement:
- In 1955, A White man forced a young black girl to give up their seat on Montgomery city bus. But she refused to give up. This dominance of white people against black community people increases day by day.
- Six months later the same incidence happened in the same bus. Rosa Park, a woman boarded on the Cleveland Avenue bus.
- She sat on the front row nearby all the white people. The bus went to all the areas and a lot of passengers boarded on the bus but all the seats were completely filled.
- The driver noticed that a lot of white people are standing on the bus so he forced all the black community people to give up their seats to white people. Almost all the black people gave up their seats but Rosa park refused to give up their seat. Then she was arrested by the police.
- on that night Head of the NAACP, E.D. Nixon immediately went to meet King Martin and other Civil rights leaders. After the meeting, they had a plan to boycott the Montgomery bus.
- Black community people and Head E.D Nixon decided that King Martin Luther jr as a head of the protest.
- They were protesting the bus in Non-violence manner. After 381 days of protest finally, the court made a judgment of equal rights to all the people and there is no more segregation at American in public transportation that was his first Civil rights movement.
Quote of Martin Luther King Jr: “Nothing in all the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.”
Facts about Martin Luther King Jr:
- In the year 1957, he was elected as a president of Southern Christian Leadership Conference. This organization is mainly used for civil rights movement and help the black people. Through this organization, the king led a lot of protest through Non-violence manner.
- Martin Luther King Jr was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s Sucess on Non Violence protest. So, he visited Gandhi Ji home town in the year 1959.
- He traveled more than six million miles and also given nearly 2,500 speeches in Public meeting. King also wrote five books.
- He always fights against the government for black community people. Due to that, he went nearly 30 times to jail.
- On March 1963, More than 2,50,000 people came to hear the speech of Martin in Washington that was one of the famous speech in the history. This rally was named as March on Washington, This peaceful march is mainly conducted for civil rights. On this meeting, he gave his famous ” I Have a Dream” speech.
- On this speech, Martin tells about his dream of this society. His dream is about black and white people should live happily together in this world.
- Also spoke about jobs, Voting Rights and freedom to the black people in this society.
- Another one famous speech is “Give Us The Ballot”. This speech is about Voting rights to Negro people.
- Last night before the assassination, He gave a wonderful speech to support black community garbage workers.
- In Memphis April 4, 1968 King was shot by James Earl Ray while standing upstairs in the Lorraine Motel room.
- “Take My Hand, Precious Lord.” is the favorite song for Martin Luther King Jr. Singer Mahalia Jackson has sung this song during the King funeral.
Quote of Martin Luther King Jr: “We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools.”
- In the year October 1964, King was awarded Noble peace prize for his fight against the segregation through Non-violence manner.
- In America, third Monday of January is celebrated as a national holiday in the memory of King Martin. He is the only non-president to have a national holiday and also having a memorial in Washington D.C.
- He was named as “Man of the Year” by Time Magzine in 1963.
- Almost 20 Honorary degrees he got in different colleges and universities during his lifetime.
- In the United States, more than 900 streets names began with MLK.
- Even after his death, He still received a lot of honor from the American government. In the year 1977, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and also in the year 2004, he was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
Quote of Martin Luther King Jr: “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”
Martin Luther King has been an inspiration to millions of people all around the world. His fights against Racism and his support for black people are remarkable. We will constantly update more facts about famous leaders.
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