Tajmahal is that one place everyone wishes to visit at least once in their lifetime. Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is located in Agra, India. It is listed by UNESCO as one of the seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is considered to be the symbol of love. Because Shahjahan built it in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Here we are going to see some of the interesting and unknown facts about Taj Mahal.
The construction history of Tajmahal
- The Construction style of the Tajmahal is the Mixture of Persian, Indian and Islamic Architecture style.
- The construction of Taj Mahal started in the year 1632 and finished in the year 1652.
- The period of construction is 20 years. It took approximately 20,000 employees to construct the Tajmahal.
- To transport big rocks and heavy material, they use more than 1000 elephants.
- The site is located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh district in India.
- It took around 32 million rupees to construct taj mahal.
- If you observe closely the four minarets slightly tilted outwards.
- The major reason is to protect the central dome of Tajmahal from structural damage in the case of the earthquake.
- The foundation of the Tajmahal is made of timber. It would have crumbled if there were no Yamuna river alongside.
- The Yamuna keeps the wood strong and moist which makes it become long-lasting.
- The Tajmahal is 171 meters tall which is a height of a 40 story building.
- One large white dome is present in the Tajmahal which is enclosed by four smaller white domes. Size of the large white dome is 115 feet tall.
The architectural beauty of Taj Mahal
- More than 25 precious stones from various parts of the world were used to decorate the interior of taj mahal. Most of them were from Tibet, China and various parts of Sri Lanka and India.
- Ahmed Lahauri was the architect behind this astonishing masterpiece.
- Inscription of Quran passages is present as a decorative all around taj mahal.
- Also, the calligraphy present all over the palace is from the holy book Quran.
- Approximately 99 different names of Allah is inscribed as calligraphic in the tomb of the Tajmahal.
- The Construction of the Tajmahal is one of the most symmetrical structures in the world which each side of the Tajmahal forming a mirror image of other sides.
- The inscription of verses of the Holy Quran is also present in the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
Tajmahal the symbol of love
- Taj Mahal is considered to be the greatest symbol of love.
- The story of taj mahal has been melting hearts of so many people since its establishment.
- At present around the world, Tajmahal is considered to be a sign of eternal love.
- Shah Jahan ( Prince Khurram) was born in the year 1592. Most of us usually don’t agree with “love at first sight”. But in the case of Shah Jahan, it just happened.
- When he saw Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Banu Begum) for the first time, he fell in love with her. Shah Jahan badly wanted to marry Mumtaz moments after seeing her. He directly told his father that he wants to marry Mumtaz.
- While giving birth to their 14th children Mumtaz mahal sadly dies.
- She dies from postpartum hemorrhage. She died in Madhya Pradesh.
- But they started constructing Taj Mahal in Agra, due to less availability of white marble.
Fascinating color changes in Tajmahal
- During day time it looks energetic and colorful due to the reflection of the skylight on it.
- The taj mahal changes color depending on the lights.
- It expresses a pinkish color during the morning, white in the noon, golden at evening and silver at moonlight.
- Some people believe that the change of the color also represents the moods of a woman.
Other interesting facts about Taj Mahal
- We all heard many stories about Tajmahal, but of it which become very famous is that the hands of the employees who worked in the construction of taj mahal have been cut off.
- It is completely a myth because the workers worked on many other projects after that.
- During the British invasion on India, many precious stones were looted by their army. But most of them have said to be restored.
- Roughly around 80 lakhs tourists from various part of the world visit Tajmahal during a year and an average of 12000 tourists visits per day.
- Other wives of Shah Jahan are buried outside the taj mahal.
- Mithilesh Kumar Srivastava better known as ” Natwarlal” was very famous for repeatedly selling the Taj Mahal.
- If the fight between Shah Jahan and his son ( Aurangzeb) doesn’t happen, we might have seen another beautiful structure alongside the river bank in black marble also known as black Taj Mahal.
- During World War II, The ASI hide the crown of the Tajmahal with a big loft to mislead the bombers.
- The actual tomb of the Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal is not open for public views. What we see in the open floor is not the actual tomb of them.
- Tajmahal remains closed on Fridays because the local Muslim people near the Tajmahal may visit the mosque. On Fridays, the mosque in the Taj Mahal is open for prayers in the afternoon time. There is no permission for tourists to enter the Tajmahal at that time.